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Curbing the Pollution Rate

26th May 2016 Indian Construction by Anandita Kakkar

As a city grows its infrastructure and population, it faces a new urban issue – pollution of air, water and noise. This is especially true in developing economies such as India and China, where the government is still trying to find a balance between financial growth and environmental development.

image 2 (1)Delhi is one of the most recent examples of pollution and it is changing lives drastically. In December 2015, Delhi had topped the charts as the most polluted city on the planet. With the average air quality down in the dumps, the Indian government launched various drastic measures to better the air quality. The most publicized and evident measure was the ‘odd-even scheme’ – a measure which solely targeted personal transportation, where cars that had an odd number as their last digit on their registered numbers could only be used during odd days and similarly even numbered cars on even days. This scheme was launched in January for the first 15 days of the month and then came back in April for the last 15 days of the month. And where this scheme helped drastically with the traffic congestion problem, it’s effectiveness on the air pollution level has been severely questioned.

The reason for the questioning of the scheme can be put on the following study by IIT – Kanpur where they found that 56% of PM10 (particles below 10 microns) was caused by road dust, 10% by industrial points, 10% by concrete batching and only 9% from vehicles. In the case of PM2.5 (particles below 2.5 microns), the contributions were 38% by road dust, 20% by vehicles, 12% by domestic fuel and 11% by industry. Seeing that road dust and construction were the biggest cause of the pollution, the Supreme Court intervened and gave a list of actions needed to be taken to better the situation – you can find those here.

The Delhi government has not lost any time in levelling fines to construction sites where the standard measures for dust control have been violated. These measures are as simple as keeping the site properly covered, dampening the site to avoid extra dust, clearing left over material once the site is complete, etc. These simple steps can help avoid unwanted particles being adopted into the air and inhaled by the populous.

image 1 (1)Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and other such neighboring countries of India have already been using these measures and have seen a drastic difference in not just air quality, but also construction quality. These countries have adopted new technologies and methodologies capable of building better, more durable structures whilst also limiting the detrimental factors to the surrounding environment.

As members of this booming industry, Kryton Buildmat continues to urge all contractors, builders, architects, and engineers to follow basic measures to create a city that is healthy for its residents now and in the future. We don’t just say this, we lead by example. Kryton’s Krystol technology product line is certified to be safe with potable water and is known to be a green product as it also reduces site disturbance and uses no volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Based solely on cementitious products all Kryton products become an integral part of the building and leave no extra substance/chemical as a by-product. Also, Kryton products don’t need to be discarded at the end of the building lifecycle, as the concrete can be reused with an assurance that its waterproofing ability is still intact. Kryton products don’t just make durable structures, but also make the environment safer.

To check pollution levels in Indian cities click here.

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